Ser Conjugation – The Complete Guide

Ser Conjugation – The Complete Guide

Ser Conjugation: Where are you from? What is your profession? What do you look like? In order to answer these and thousands of questions in Spanish, we need to use the verb ser (sehr; ‘to be’). This is normally the very first verb we learn in order to introduce ourselves and talk about nationality, profession, and loads of other subjects.

Spanish verbs fall into different groups, and every group is conjugated a little differently. If you’re going to master Spanish verbs like ser, you need to be able to identify which group a verb belongs to: regular (follows regular conjugation rules for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs), stem-changing (morphs depending on how you check it in a sentence), spelling-changing (has consonant-spelling changes in some forms to follow pronunciation rules), or reflexive (reflects the action back on the subject of the sentence).

Ser Preterite Conjugation

But then there are those verbs that refuse to be lumped into a category: the irregulars. Ser(sehr) (to be) is an irregular -er verb; it doesn’t follow most easy ending patterns, so your best bet is to just memorize its conjugations.

Conjugation Of Ser

The verb ser is irregular in the present tense, which only means we will need to learn every conjugation by heart. All of them, except for the second and third person singular, keep the s- from the stem. Let’s review how to conjugate ser in present simple tense with a helpful table:

The Present Tense of Ser
Conjugation Translation
yo soy I am
tú eres You (informal) are
él/ella/ello/uno es He/she/one is
usted es You (formal) are
nosotros somos We are
vosotros sois You all (informal) are
ellos/ellas son They are
ustedes son You all (formal) are

The following examples show you ser in action:

  • La boda es el veintisiete de junio. (The wedding is the 27th of June.)

  • Ellos son mis abuelos. (They are my grandparents.)

The following table shows you ser at work in the preterit tense. Think you’ve seen these conjugations before? You probably have; it just so happens that they’re also the preterit forms of the verb ir (to go). It may be confusing, but look on the bright side: It’s one fewer set of verbs you have to learn.

Ser Conjugation Chart

The Preterit Tense of Ser
Conjugation Translation
yo fui I was
tú fuiste You (informal) were
él/ella/ello/uno fue He/she/one was
usted fue You (formal) were
nosotros fuimos We were
vosotros fuisteis You all (informal) were
ellos/ellas fueron They were
ustedes fueron You all (formal) were

You use the preterit tense like this:

  • Fuimos al baile anoche. (We went to the dance last night.)

  • Fui a verte en tu casa. (I went to see you at your house.)

Ser is one of only three irregular imperfect verbs. Here’s that conjugation; note that, like regular verbs, the first-person and third-person singular forms (yo and usted) are the same.

The Imperfect Tense of Ser
Conjugation Translation
yo era I used to be
tú eras You (informal) used to be
él/ella/ello/uno era He/she/one used to be
usted era You (formal) used to be
nosotros éramos We used to be
vosotros erais You all (informal) used to be
ellos/ellas eran They used to be
ustedes eran You all (formal) used to be

Here are some examples of the imperfect tense

  • Eramos futbolistas. (We used to be soccer players.)

  • Shakespeare era un gran escritor. (Shakespeare was a great writer.)

Good news! Ser is regular in the future tense, so you can apply the regular verb endings here.

The Future Tense of Ser
Conjugation Translation
yo seré I will be
tú serás You (informal) will be
él/ella/ello/uno será He/she/one will be
usted será You (formal) will be
nosotros seremos We will be
vosotros seréis You all (informal) will be
ellos/ellas serán They will be
ustedes serán You all (formal) will be

Ser And Estar Conjugation

The verb ser is one of the two Spanish verbs that only mean “to be.” The other one is the verb estar. The verb ser is irregular, meaning it does not succeed in a common conjugation pattern. In fact, ser is one of the irregularly conjugated verbs in Spanish. Many of the conjugated forms don’t even start with s, and some forms are shared with the highly irregular verb ir (to go).

This article takes the ser conjugations in the present, past, conditional and future indicative, the present and past subjunctive, the imperative, and other verb forms.

Ser and Estar are some of the most commonly taken verbs in Spanish. Although they both mean “to be,” they are used in very different contexts. Ser is often used to learn about inherent or permanent characteristics. example, Ella es alta e inteligente (She is tall and smart). It is also used to learn about someone’s profession or occupation, as in Ella es doctora y él es arquitecto (She is a doctor and he is an engineer), or to learn about where someone is from, as in El profesor es de Puerto Rico (The professor is from Puerto Rico).

Ser can be used to talk about what something is made of, as in La puerta es de madera (The door is made of wood), or to talk about the location of an event, such as a meeting, party, festival, etc. example, La reunión es en la oficina del doctor (The meeting is in the doctor’s office).

This verb is also used to talk about belonging. For example, La casa es de Alberto (The house is Alberto’s). Another think of the verb ser is in the passive voice, followed by the present participle, as in La tarea es hecha por el estudiante (The homework is done by the student).

Yet another think of the verb ser is with impersonal expressions, such as Es necesario trabajar duro (It is necessary to work hard).

Notice that in Spanish we do not use the verb ser to talk about someone’s age like we do in English (She is ten years old), but instead we use the verb tener to talk about how many years someone has (Ella tiene diez años).

Ser Conjugation Spanish

Verbals are not what they seem to be. They seem to be verbs, but they are not. Verbals derive from verbs, and they function as nouns or modifiers. These are the verbals that derive from the verb ser.

Infinitive: ser

Gerund: siendo

Participle: sido

You will find 10 different verb tenses in the Spanish indicative mood. All of them are regularly used in conversations; however, the tenses “pretérito anterior” and “futuro compuesto” are not used as frequently as the rest of the tenses.

Tiempos Simples – Simple Tenses

Presente – Present Tense

  • yo soy – I am
  • tú eres – you are
  • vos sos – you (South American) are
  • él/ella/usted es – he/she/you (formal) are
  • nosotros/as somos – we are
  • vosotros/as sois – you (plural) are
  • ustedes son – you (plural) are
  • ellos/as son – they are

Pretérito Imperfecto – Imperfect Tense

  • yo era – I was
  • tú eras – you were
  • vos eras – you (South American) were
  • él/ella/usted era – he/she/you (formal) were
  • nosotros/as éramos – we were
  • vosotros/as erais – you (plural) were
  • ustedes eran – you (plural) were
  • ellos/as eran – they were

Pretérito Perfecto – Preterite Tense

  • yo fui – I was
  • tú fuiste – you were
  • vos fuiste  – you (South American) were
  • él/ella/usted fue – he/she/you (formal) were
  • nosotros/as fuimos – we were
  • vosotros/as fuisteis – you (plural) were
  • ustedes fueron – you (plural) were
  • ellos/as fueron – they were

Futuro – Future Tense

  • yo seré – I will be
  • tú serás – you will be
  • vos serás – you (South American) will be
  • él/ella/usted será – he/she/you (formal) will be
  • nosotros/as seremos – we will be
  • vosotros/as seréis – you (plural) will be
  • ustedes serán – you (plural) will be
  • ellos/as serán – they will be

Condicional – Conditional Tense

  • yo sería – I would be
  • tú serías – you would be
  • vos serías – you (South American) would be
  • él/ella/usted sería – he/she/you (formal) would be
  • nosotros/as seríamos – we would be
  • vosotros/as seríais – you (plural) would be
  • ustedes serían – you (plural) would be
  • ellos/as serían – they would be

What is SER used for?

Ser is used in a simple way, to talk about WHAT something is (a permanent state). To describe characteristics that are an essential part of the thing we’re talking about. Estar is used to talk about HOW something is, so we use it for conditions, locations, emotions, and actions (temporary states).

What tense is the sea?

The past tense of loose for the sea is loosed for the sea. The third-person singular simple present indicative form of loose for the sea is loosed for the sea.

What is SER in the present tense?

The Spanish verb SER means “to be”. But there are two verbs meaning “to be” in Spanish – SER and ESTAR. … SER is an irregular verb. You just need to memorize the form that goes with each pronoun.